AGORIST: One who participates in the underground economy while abstaining from crime, thereby undermining the State, whether or not he does so with the revolutionary goals of Agorism in mind.
ANARCHY: Rulerlessness / the Rule of Law / Order. Rulers are people who make laws for other people. But “there is, and can be, correctly speaking, no law but natural law.” (Lysander Spooner) Therefore, there are, and can be, correctly speaking, no rulers. The anarch is one who “knows the fundamental law,” and recognizes no ruler. He is “not the adversary of the monarch, but his antipode, untouched by him though also dangerous.” By contrast, the anarchist is the “antagonist of the monarch, whom he dreams of wiping out. He gets the man and consolidates the succession. The -ism suffix has a restrictive meaning; it emphasizes the will at the expense of the substance.” (Ernst Juenger)
CAPITALISM: “That economic condition in which there is a class of capitalists, roughly recognizable and relatively small, in whose possession so much of the capital is concentrated as to necessitate a very large majority of the citizens serving those capitalists for a wage.” (G.K. Chesterton)
CONSERVATISM: “a habit of mind which does not generalize beyond the facts of the case in point. It considers those facts carefully, makes sure that as far as possible it has them all in hand, and the course of action which the balance of fact in that case indicates as necessary will be the one it follows; and the course indicated as unnecessary it not only will not follow, but will oppose without compromise or concession.” (Albert Jay Nock)
COMMUNALISM: “a theory or system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are loosely bound in a federation.” (Murray Bookchin)
DEMOCRACY: Government by and for the whole of a people, as opposed to a minority or a majority of the people, and thus limited by its natural aristocracy. (Cf. Juror 8 in 12 Angry Men.) Exemplified by the town hall meeting and the jury.
GOVERNMENT: The art and process of securing unalienable rights. (J.R.R. Tolkien, letter 29 November 1943; Declaration of Independence) Governing is therefore the antipode of politics / law-making / legislating / ruling. (See John Hasnas, The Depoliticization of Law.) Government is force, and therefore derives its powers from the consent of the governing rather than the governed. An equal right to land is among the unalienable rights with which all people are endowed, and therefore securing this right by means of a Single “Tax” on the unimproved value of land would be a just power of government.
INSURRECTION: “Revolution and insurrection must not be looked upon as synonymous. The former consists in an overturning of conditions, of the established condition or status, the State or society, and is accordingly a political or social act; the latter has indeed for its unavoidable consequence a transformation of circumstances, yet does not start from it but from men’s discontent with themselves, is not an armed rising, but a rising of individuals, a getting up, without regard to the arrangements that spring from it. The Revolution aimed at new arrangements; insurrection leads us no longer to let ourselves be arranged, but to arrange ourselves, and sets no glittering hopes on ‘institutions.’ It is not a fight against the established, since, if it prospers, the established collapses of itself; it is only a working forth of me out of the established. . . . What constitution was to be chosen, this question busied the revolutionary heads, and the whole political period foams with constitutional fights and constitutional questions, as the social talents too were uncommonly inventive in societary arrangements (phalansteries etc.). The insurgent  strives to become constitutionless.” (Max Stirner)
JESUITE: One who adheres to the ethical and spiritual teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, but who does not profess to know or “believe” as Christians do that Jesus was the Christ or uniquely God Incarnate. Cf. Jesuism. See also William Law and Leo Tolstoy. However, like Thomas the Apostle, the Jesuite is open to future revelations, and so may be called a doubting Thomist. He imitates Jesus by saying, “Before Jesus was, I am.” He holds that the I in him is the same as the I in his neighbor. Like Jesus, he is an insurgent rather than a revolutionary. Like the Jesuit, the Jesuite is partial to casuistry, though not to the moral laxity it has been reputed to excuse.
JUSTICE: The absence of crime. Vices are not crimes. “Crimes are those acts by which one man harms [and intends to harm] the person or property of another.” (Lysander Spooner) Punishments are objectively crimes and are only just insofar as they prevent or somehow undo crimes.
LEFT: “the side of politics and economics that opposes the concentration of power and wealth and, instead, advocates and works toward the distribution of power into the maximum number of hands.” The Right, on the other hand, is the side of politics and economics that supports the concentration of power and wealth. (Karl Hess)
LIBERTARIANISM: The limitation of governing to the necessary. Exemplified by the Presumption of Innocence and the Rule of Lenity.
MASSES: “As the word masses is commonly used, it suggests agglomerations of poor and underprivileged people, labouring people, proletarians, and it means nothing like that; it means simply the majority. The mass-man is one who has neither the force of intellect to apprehend the principles issuing in what we know as the humane life, nor the force of character to adhere to those principles steadily and strictly as laws of conduct; and because such people make up the great and overwhelming majority of mankind, they are called collectively the masses.” (Albert Jay Nock)
RADICAL: Preferring a root-account of things. The antithesis not of conservative but of superficial. (Albert Jay Nock)
SOCIALISM: “the belief that the next important step in progress is a change in man’s environment of an economic character that shall include the abolition of every privilege whereby the holder of wealth acquires an anti-social power to compel tribute.” (Benjamin Tucker, Armies that Overlap)
STATE: “the name of the coldest of all cold monsters.” (Nietzsche, The New Idol) As war is the extension of politics by other means, the State is the perpetuation of conquest and confiscation by other means. While government’s defining purpose is to secure unalienable rights, the State’s defining purpose is to violate them to benefit the ruler and/or the ruling class. In fact, the State is nothing more than a fraud perpetrated by the “rulers” to convince the ruled that the rulers have the right to rule. In fact, ruling is itself intrinsically criminal, and is the essence of the State. (Albert Jay Nock)